Thursday, 15 August 2013

TRIGGERS FOR MIGRATION - Development of Railway,Road & Telegraph

Development of Railways, Road & Telegraph

Map Of Indian Railways In 1870

Between 1853-69 4255 railways laid out 4255 Miles of tracks across India.. Statistics show that the migration increased rapidly only after 1860’s which would be covered in the later slides when we shall focus on region specific migration. A proverb goes “where the railway goes, the marwari follows its ways”

With completion of rail corridor in 1916 through Shekhawati movement of women and children became speedier and safer thereby causing permanent migration to the areas where business was based. It was a sign to both the British and the locals that the marwaris were here to stay.

The railways had replaced the river routs as the main conduit for goods traffic rendering the rail center of Kanpur a better locus of operations. As a result Marwaris moved to Kanpur from River ports of Mirzapur and Farrukhabad

In 1839, the Grand Trunk Road from Calcutta to Delhi was opened and this was followed by links between major cities in British India.

Integrated postal service was introduced in I837.  Post office act of 1854 provided uniform rates. By 1861, there were 889 post offices handling nearly 43 million letters and over 4.5 million newspapers annually. Public Telegram was introduced in India in 1855

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